This document is a summary of the deliverable DA2.1 which establishes the indicators that will be monitored throughout the project so as to learn about the environmental, technical, economic and social aspects of the development and implementation of a capture and storage system of CO2 emissions from an industrial ceramic facility in irrigation water for agricultural crops irrigation, in particular citrus crops.
The project aims at demonstrating the viability of carbonic fertigation in citrus and analyzing the impact of continuous use of CO2 on the irrigation network in soil and plants.
This document lists the main indicators to be taken into account in assessing the results of the project and complete the initial table of indicators included in the proposal. Indicators are, basically, information used to follow up and adjust the actions that a system, subsystem, or process, undertake to achieve the fulfilment of its mission, objectives and goals. An indicator as a unit of measurement allows the monitoring and evaluation of the key variables of an organizational system, by comparing them over time with external and internal referents.
The initial values of the project indicators set the starting point of the project so as to compare and evaluate the final results of the project and thus to establish the final conclusions. However, these indicators are subject to change according to the needs throughout the project lifetime so as to ensure their utility.
Indicators will allow evaluating the technology for capturing CO2 from an industrial site, the impact of CO2 fertigation on root and soil respiration and the total organic matter content. Moreover, the expected decrease in the use of chelates and other fertilizers will also be evaluated. As a result, a circular economic system will be developed, implemented and evaluated through the industrial symbiosis of two economic activities: industrial and agricultural, easily replicable in other areas of the EU.
Establishment of indicators
Two types of key indicators will be differentiated in this case: the follow-up or descriptive indicators and the process or value indicators. The second ones are specific described in the action F.2 and their results are collected in its bi-annual reports.
These are inherent to the project itself. These are intended to monitor the operation and efficiency of the CO2 capture prototype and of the adjusted irrigation system. In addition, technical indicators will evaluate irrigation water conditions and the impact on citrus crop farming.
The technical monitoring of the project will be divided into 3 study areas:
The Ceramic industry (EATOMIZADO)
The irrigation water
The crop field
To assess the agronomical viability, the study will compare the results of citrus growing under the 3 different conditions: current irrigation, irrigation with carbonated water using pure commercial CO2 and irrigation carbonated water using industrial CO2 from EATOMIZADO.
Economic indicators will measure the economic viability of the project. These indicators will monitor, on the one hand, the costs of the project implementation: CO2 capture system costs, crop production costs and raw material costs, and, on the other hand, economic information on profitability and depreciation, such as NPV (net present value) and IRR (internal rate of return).
Those that will assess the social impact of the project: population and surface area
affected, and the socio-economic impact, calculated by means of the Social Return on Investment methodology (SROI). Social indicators have also been established so as to assess the impact of dissemination and communication actions (number of publications, congresses, press releases, media appearances, web page visits, and social network followers).
These indicators will evaluate the impact of the project on climate change and on crop farming.
The indicators presented here will not be used to verify the evolution of the different
tasks, but for verifying if the project is developed in time, means and costs.
In the initial proposal, a specific action was already defined for this type of indicators, Action F.2 and the results are included in semi-annual reports.
All these indicators defined (process and follow-up indicators) will provide valuable information, not only to get the project executed in a timely manner, but also to assess the technical reliability, environmental impact and potential for its replicability.